A Trackway to Healthier Heart; How Angioplasty is Done

A pathway to a healthier heart involves various exploration through different medical procedures and the most common now a days is angioplasty. Angioplasty is a intrusive treatment for the blocked arteries, generally the coronary artery that provide blood to the pumping heart.

In this journey, we will unravel the complexities of angioplasty, its stages and procedure. Not only this, we will also investigate the technical factors and collaboration of medical professionals in providing polished way to healthier heart.

The Anatomy of Heart and Obligation of Angioplasty

The structure of the heart and necessity of angioplasty are interconnected with cardiovascular health. Let us delve into this concept;

Anatomy of Heart

Heart, a pumping organ, is a central part of circulatory system. A trackway to healthier heart is also discussed here, Its responsibility is to provide blood to every section of body, providing oxygen and supplements to tissues and organs. As everyone knows, heart has four chambers to atria and two ventricles but all obey different rules. The upper chambers atria collect blood that comes back to heart and two lower ventricles pump out the blood from heart. The four valves are also present that defines the correct pathway of blood. These are tricuspid, aorta, mitral and pulmonary valves. A crisscross of blood vessels that is arteries and veins are also spread that carry oxygenated and deoxygenated blood away or towards the heart respectively.

Angioplasty

It is a medical action to treat the narrowed or blocked blood vessels mainly arteries. Today the most common procedure is coronary angioplasty for the opening of coronary arteries. The function of coronary arteries is to provide blood to heart muscles. Let’s take a look on this procedure!

Angioplasty is done where there is a clot of blood in coronary arteries which causes the blood supply to stop. This will occur through stent placement or insertion of catheter balloon. The need of angioplasty happens when the medications are not sufficient to treat blockage of arteries and the risk of heart attacks raises.

Angioplasty procedure; Steps and Strategies

Here are the steps and strategies involve in angioplasty;

  1. The first step is to prepare the patient for this procedure. In this way, rinse and sterilize the area generally wrist and groin where catheter is placed.
  • The second step is to give local anesthesia to deadened the lodging site. However, the patient is in conscious position.
  • A thin, stretchable pipe known as catheter is placed inside the wrist or groin with the help of small opening. The catheter goes into the blood vessel until reached to the blocked area of coronary artery.
  • A guide cable is inserted into the catheter and administrated to the desired location.
  • Angiography, that is X-ray imagining, is done when a contrast dye injects and it will locate the blocked area of blood vessel.
  • A shrink balloon is attached at one terminal of the catheter and then balloon is blown up, compressing the clot to the artery walls and restore the path of blood flow.
  • In some cases, a small tube in injected at the site of blockage to prevent this action again. This tube is known as stent and this procedure is stent placement or insertion.
  • When the stent placement is done, balloon become flattened again and catheter will remove.
  • The place where catheter is inserted, close by pressure to stop blood flowing or closing gadget may use.

Instabilities and complexities

As angioplasty is a safe and protective measure, however it may cause some risks and complexities which are as follows;

1. Bleeding

Bleeding will happen when catheter remove from the groin usually when the treatment occurs through the femoral artery in the groin.

2. Vascular complexities

During the catheter insertion, some blood vessels may damage. This lead to complications such as dissections and pseudoaneurysms.

3. Hematoma

Hematoma is the blood coagulation around the blood vessels occurs where the catheter is removed.

4. Infection or allergic reactions

In rare cases, infection may occur at the catheter site, allergic may happen due to the contrast dye during angiography.

5. Blood clots and restenosis

Blood clot formation occurs at the stent site or in the bloodstream. Restenosis is the narrowing of artery again after passage of time.

6. Kidney damage

The contrast dye utilize during angiography may cause the kidney damage especially in those patients who are already suffered with kidney problems.

Tips for Healthier Heart Recovery

Healthy Heart Recovery

Maintaining cardiovascular health and rapid recovery after angioplasty needs some lifestyle tips and advices. Here are some of them;

1. Medical consultation

Follow the medical prescription as given by the consultants which include antiplatelets, statins and supplements that support heart health. Take the dose on time to avoid from any inconvenience.

2. Perfect Eating

Get a healthy diet rich in nutrients, such as proteins, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products. Avoid fats, cholesterol, sodium containing products and sugar.

3. Control Blood Pressure

Control your blood pressure either through diet or by medications. Monitor your blood pressure on regular basis.

4. Manage stress

Do some stress management activities such as meditation, regular exercise, yoga, deep breathing and others to control stress and depression.

5. Maintain body weight

Keep the body weight under control because over-weight may put stress on heart and increases the risks of cardiovascular disorders. The weight can be controlled through fat-free diet and regular exercises.

FAQS

1. Is angioplasty is life-threatening?

No, it’s not a life-threatening treatment, however it is safe and secure method.

2. Is angioplasty and stent placement same?

Yes, stent placement is actually a kind of angioplasty.

3. How much time requires to recover after angioplasty?

To recover from angioplasty requires few weeks and the patient comes to normal life.

4. How is the long procedure of angioplasty?

Angioplasty requires 30 minutes to 2 hours to complete the process.

5. At what age, it is risky?

It is safely conducted in individuals who are 80 years or less in age. Above this age, it may pose risks.

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