Choking on Smog

In the urban and rural areas, due to industrial activities and vehicles, the effective amount of smog becomes a companion of human beings. Smog is a mixture of pollutants and its composition is different from smoke. The effects of human health on smog are adverse. In this journey, we will discover all the impacts on environment and health choking on smog. Also, we will discuss its composition and nature that affects the respiratory tract and other health complications.

Origin and Amalgam

In order to understand the smog, it is compulsory to know its origin, how it can form and its composition. It is a complex mixture of components that negatively affects the environmental health. The smog happens primarily on two forms which are as follows:

  • Photochemical smog
  • Sulfurous smog
Choking on Smog

1. Photochemical smog

This type is smog is generally known as brown smog. This occurs in sunny and warm weather. The brown smog originates from the various complex compounds such as nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compounds in the presence of sunlight. The nitrogen oxide comes from vehicles, industries and release form combustion processes. It plays a key role in photochemical composition. Volatile compounds come from automobiles, solvents and industrial reactions. These organic materials interact with NO in sunlight and form smog. Ozone is another factor that poses the formation of smog. Ozone also combines with other pollutants and undergo react.

2. Sulfurous smog

This type of smog is known as London smog or industrial smog. It occurs due to the combustion of fossil fuels and mostly observe in winters. The main components of this smog are sulfur dioxide and particulate matter. Sulfur oxide or dioxide comes from burning of coal and oil in power plants or in heavy industrial areas. Other pollutants that are present in our environment are particulate matter which also involves in smog composition.

3. Common Components in both types

Both the types of smog have two common components that are carbon monoxide and particulate matter. The solid or liquid particles suspend in air, may be dust, smoke or aerosol, are the particulate matter and involve in smog formation. Carbon monoxide forms due to incomplete oxidation of fossil fuels is another most common and major component of smog.

Sources of Smog

Following are the main origins of various smog components:

1. Automobile emissions cause Choking on Smog

Various harmful chemicals, particles and gases are originated from automobiles due to burning of fuel or diesel. The chemicals may be volatile compounds, nitrogen containing compounds or particulate matter. These chemicals contribute to smog.

2. Industrial activities

In industrial activities and power plant operations, many fossils fuels burn and results in the formation of harmful matter. These substances in the presence of sunlight undergo react and produce smog.

3. Residential Heating

In homes and offices or other residential sites, wood, coal or oil burn for heating purposes. The incomplete oxidation produces hazardous substances that promote the smog.

4. Agricultural activities

The excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers pollute the water bodies by seeping down into ground. The use of this nitrogen containing water in industries or for other activities pollute the atmosphere when release.

Smog Exposure and Health effects

Smog exposure has direct and influential effects on human health affecting the various organs of body. The primary source of adverse effects is the polluted air. Here are some health hazards due to smog:

1. Respiratory complications

Ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide or volatile compounds present in air due to smog, when inhale in this air, it will cause irritation in throat, chest infection and clogging of particulate matter in lungs. If the person is already suffering with respiratory infection such as asthma, he will face severe symptoms of smog. In elders or children, if the smog exposure takes place for long time it will cause the failure of lung function. Sometimes, the respiratory infections already present may increases such as bronchitis or pneumonia. We also not live choking on smog

Choking on Smog

2. Cardiovascular issues

The event of smog exposure is highly dangerous for cardio patients or may cause heart problems in normal stress. It is due to the oxidative stress and inflammation caused by smog and lead to heart failure and other heart complexities. We also not live choking on smog

3. Allergic reactions

Smog exposure may cause allergic reactions and if already present, the condition becomes adverse. It may cause itching in eyes, nose, irritation, sneezing, runny nose and sometime may lead to conjunctivitis. We also not live choking on smog

4. Systematic inflammation

Long-time exposure to smog lead to inflammation in body. The inflammation does not limit to lungs only but extends to other tissues and organs of body. We also not live choking on smog

5. Impaired lung development

In infants, exposure to smog may cause impaired lung development which leads to other respiratory issues. We also not live choking on smog

Preventive Measures to reduce smog exposure

 Reduction in smog exposure is challenging and cannot do on society level. However, it can start on individual level. There are several preventive measures to adopt, a few of them are here:

1. Observe Air quality

The first and controlled step is to monitor your air quality that cause choking on smog. By checking the air quality and composition, you will stay informed about weather conditions. This observation can perform through weather applications. We also not live choking on smog

2. Use of Air purifiers

During smog conditions, practice air purifiers with filters. This practice will reduce the contamination of air at your site. You will also safe from hoking on smog and many respiratory diseases.

3. Reduce Use of Automobiles

As vehicles are the main source of producing particulate matter that poses smog, hence it is essential to reduce the transportation and driving. Less emission from vehicle minimize the smog level. We also not live choking on smog

4. Promote greenery

According to the medical and environmental science, the green environment is healthy for life and is a natural purifier for polluted air. Therefore, to keep the atmosphere clean and pollutant free, promote the green plants in environment. We also not live choking on smog

5. Monitor the health symptoms

During smog conditions, monitor your health. If you find any irritation in respiratory tract and coughing or allergies, stay indoor and adopt preventive measure. When the situation becomes the worst, seek medical guidance. Also, use pure water which is free from toxins. We also not live choking on smog

Choking on Smog


The impacts of smog on human health are vast and different depending on the duration and severity. In populated areas, children and individuals with pre-existing diseases are more susceptible to smog. In order to minimize the health risks, it is We also not live choking on smog advisable to adopt and implement the effective strategies in controlling the smog level. Public awareness and actions will promote the successful strategies in preventing human life. The major efforts should be in controlling the air pollutants and industrial activities. Through focused and managed techniques, adverse impacts of smog on health will reduce and safe future will provide to the people.

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